These are KEYWORDS which you should use wherever possible
affluence The general level of prosperity enjoyed by a population.
appropriate aid Know-how and equipment that are suited to the basic conditions prevailing in the receiving country.
birth rate The number of births in a year per 1000 of the total population.
death rate The number of deaths in a year per 1000 of the total population.
development The progress of a country in terms of economic growth, the use of technology and human welfare.
development gap The difference in standards of living and wellbeing between the world’s richest and poorest countries (between HICs and LICs).
free trade When trade between countries is not restricted by, for example, import duties or not being a member of a group of trading nations.
gross domestic product (GDP) The total value of goods and services produced by a country during
a year. When expressed as per head of population (per capita), it provides a widely used measure of national prosperity and development.

human development index (HDI) Used as a measure of development in a country and for making
international comparisons.

human welfare The general condition of a population in terms of diet, housing, healthcare, education, etc.
infant mortality The average number of deaths of infants under 1 year of age, per 1000 live births, per year.
Intermediate technology The simple, easily learned and maintained technology used in a
range of economic activities serving local needs in LICs.

life expectancy The average number of years a person might be expected to live.
quality of life Difficult to define, but it is often thought of as an umbrella term that takes into account GDP and human welfare.

Key questions
1. What is development and how does this link to the quality of life?
2. What are the main development indicators?
3. What are the quality of life indicators?
4. How are countries developed according to their level of development?
5. How are levels of development changing?
6. What the development gaps internationally, regionally and within urban areas? ( case study of disparities within a country or within one city)
7. What are consequences of rapid population growth on the quality of life?
8. How can government policy reduce population growth? ( case study of China)

9. How can disparities in development be managed by NGOs and international agreements? ( case study of an NGO aid agency)